Linear and Rational Factorization of Tropical Polynomials

Abstract

Already for bivariate tropical polynomials, factorization is an NP-Complete problem. In this paper, we give an efficient algorithm for factorization and rational factorization of a rich class of tropical polynomials in $n$ variables. Special families of these polynomials have appeared in economics, discrete convex analysis, and combinatorics. Our theorems rely on an intrinsic characterization of regular mixed subdivisions of integral polytopes, and lead to many open problems of interest in discrete geometry.

Type
Bo Lin
Visiting Assistant Professor

My research interests include mathematical biology, tropical geometry and combinatorics.